Following the most beautiful cities explored by the Spanish navigators to discover the Caribbean, we will leave from the capital Havana a UNESCO heritage and a jewel of history to descend to the extreme South of Cuba making marvelous stops untill Santiago de Cuba, the city theater of pirate attacks and filibusters. At the Bay of Santiago arrived the first black slaves who gave an Afro-Spanish imprint front that characterizes the city with a strong personality.
Route: Havana- Viñales - Cienfuegos - Trinidad - Camaguey - Santiago - Biran -Playa Guardalavaca
Departure days: M T W T F S S
Arrival at the airport of Havana, reception by our staff and transfer to the city. Accommodation in Bed and Breakfast with private room, private bathroom, air conditioning, breakfast included, maximum cleanliness and security.
Departure and panoramic tour of the famous Havana waterfront "El Malecon" proceed to 5th Avenue (the street of the ambassadors' residences, always the richest area of Havana) arrival at the park JAGUEY where you can admire the old trees the same name whose very particular roots descend from the trees to re-enter the ground creating spectacular weaves.
Taking the car and another stop at the city's green lung the Bosque de La Habana with its dense vegetation, in Havana known among devotees of "Santeria" religion who practice rites leaving offerings to its "patron saints."
Passage from the neighborhoods: Nuovo Vedado, the Chinese cemetery, the Necropolis of Cristoforo Colombo.
Visit and stop in Piazza della Rivoluzione.
Walk along the Via del Prado, the Capitol, the Grand Theater, the Havana Wall, la'Avenida del Puerto that will lead to stop in Plaza San Francisco from where you start the walk through the streets of the old town visiting Plaza Vieja , calle Mercaderes (the street of the merchants) Plaza de la Catedral, the famous bar Bodeguita del Medio, Plaza des Armas.
Departure Collective TOUR for VINALES AND PINAR DEL RIO, Departure at about 08.00 towards the valley of Pinar del Rio, the northernmost province of Cuba known for its tobacco plantations and protected areas as a "Biosphere Reserve". Distance from Avana 180 km. Once in Vinales you will visit the area that has been declared a UNESCO protected landscape with a stop at the tobacco plantation "la casa del Veguero". Visit to the viewpoint "the mirador de Los Jasmines" from which you can enjoy a breathtaking view of the valley, palm groves, plantations and the typical rock formations "I mogotes" which stand like monoliths in the whole valley. You will enter a karstic formation with a river that flows inside it at the Grotta dell'Indio. Lunch included based on typical Creole cuisine. Visit to the Murales of prehistory, a giant fresco painted on one of the Mogotes of the valley by the students of anthropology of the University of Havana. Return to the city in the early evening.
Departure with PRIVATE DRIVER about 8.00 am for the town of Guamá located in the Zapata Peninsula in the province of Matanzas. Within the Zapata Peninsula there are over 900 autochthonous plant species, 175 bird species, 31 reptile species and more than 1000 invertebrate species. Some of the most notable are local endemics in Cuba. Zapata is also known for the Cuban endemic local crocodile (Crocodylus rhombifer). Within the peninsula there are numerous designated areas for environmental conservation, and Las Salinas wildlife sanctuary, which is part of the largest Biosphere Reserve which in total is over 6,000 km 2 and the largest protected area, not only in Cuba, but also the Caribbean. Optional paid visit to the reconstruction of a typical village that in the origins of Cuba was inhabited by Indians Tainos built on stilts that are reached after a short navigation in the lagoon. Optional paid visit to the crocodile farm or stop for a swim at the Caleta Buena natural pools Passing through the town of Cienfuegos you will visit the seafront promenade, the avenues of the old town to the French, the Thomas Terry theater (entrance fee) and the park Marti. Arrival in Trinidad and accommodation in a colonial Bed and Breakfast
Excursion on foot through the historic city of Trinidad, which for its state of conservation faithfully reproduces the atmosphere of the colonial era. One of the most beautiful colonial cities in Cuba, it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988. Trinidad was founded by Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar in 1514 under the name of Villa De la Santísima Trinidad. It is one of the best preserved cities of all the Caribbean, since the time when sugar was the main trade in these places. It is precisely the remains of that colonial and slavery period, in which Trinidad flourished, constituting the main attraction of visitors Walk through the cobbled streets, Optional view of the city museum, the church of Santissima Trinidad, stop at the Canchánchara bar where you can enjoy (optional and paid) a typical drink whose recipe comes from the customs of Spanish settlers who used the typical local ingredients, lime juice, brown sugar and rum. Optional stop at the ceramic workshop, which is one of the artistic and cultural resources typical of the Trinidad area. In the afternoon free time available to continue the visit of Trinidad at will or for relaxation on the beach. Evening available.
Departure with driver for a visit to the Valle de los Ingenios (valley of the mills), a silent sentinel of a past, characterized by the boom of sugar factories in Trinidad, where the slavery Phenomenon attached to Spanish colonization is present everywhere in its culture and traditions. The ruins of Manacas plantations, sugar mills and old colonial farms are witnesses of this past. The tower was built in 1816, is characterized by an eclectic architecture. The goal of its construction was to watch over the work of slaves in the plantations. Three tower bells, each with a different sound, signal the beginning and end of the work, the days of rest, the escape of a slave, when the bells were ringing together signaling an attack by the pirates.
Continuation to Camaguey accommodation in the colonial house.
Because of the droughts that are common in the province and in the city, from the time of Spanish colonization they started using tinajones, which are nothing but huge balloon-shaped containers and made of earthenware to store rainwater for long periods. For this reason and since these ships can now be found to decorate streets and parks, Camagüey is called the city of tinajones, and there is a legend that says if you drink water tinajón stay in Camagüey or at least come back to it. The camagüeyana poet Aurelia Castillo, remembering the tinajones of her childhood, in her house on Christ Street, wrote her famous poem "El Tinajón". Because of the droughts that are common in the province and in the city, from the moment of Spanish colonization they started to use tinajones, which are nothing more than huge containers in the shape of giant wineskin and made of earthenware to store rainwater for long periods of time. .For this reason and because these huge pots are used to decorate streets and parks, Camagüey is called the city of tinajones, and there is a legend that says if you drink water tinajón stay in Camagüey or at least you will return to Cuba
Departure for Santiago de Cuba. Visit in transit of the city of Bayamo, the second oldest in Cuba, founded in 1513 by Diego Velázquez is a town in the province of Granma in Cuba. The name of Bayamo connects the origin of the name to the presence of Bayam, tree of wisdom. The national anthem of Cuba was written in that city and makes a direct reference to the inhabitants of Bayamo.
The Bayamo people have always been characterized by their love for the city. The city still retains horse-drawn carriages as a reference to colonial traditions. It also has historic sites that make up a strong tourist attraction.
Continuation of the route to the city of Santiago de Cuba and visit, in transit, to the Sanctuary of Cobre, the most revered by the Cuban people.
Our Lady of Charity of Copper, or Virgin of Charity of Copper, Charity of the Copper or simply Cachita, is one of the invocations of the Virgin Mary. She is the Patroness of Cuba, this solemn appointment was proclaimed by Pope Benedict XV in 1916. The image is a crowned canon was proclaimed by Pius XI on December 30, 1936. Later, in a journey made by John Paul II to Cuba in 1998 , he crowned the Virgin as the Patroness of Cuba with great dignity. The Marian image is venerated in the Basilica National Shrine of Our Lady of Charity of El Cobre in Santiago de Cuba. In Santer Orisha is identified with Oshun. Benedict XVI grants him March 26 2012 the Golden Rose of Christianity, 1 on the occasion of the four-year anniversary of the appearance of the image. Pope Francis in his vision of Cuba in September 2015, and on the occasion of the commemoration of the one hundred year anniversary of the consecration of Cuba to the Virgin of Charity of Cobre or "Cachita", as the Cubans know, by Pope Benedict XV decreed the Holy Year of Exceptional Mercy. Our Lady of Charity of Cobre or Virgin of Charity of Copper is the sanctuary most revered by the population of Cuba.the Virgin of Charity of Cobre is the Patroness of Cuba, proclaimed by Pope Benedict XV in 1916. Later, in a journey made by John Paul II to Cuba in 1998, he again crowned the Virgin as the Patroness of Cuba with great dignity.
Accommodation in a colonial Bed and Breakfast.
Breakfast. Itinerary through SANTIAGO second city of Cuba in importance, casket of history and music, "Capital" of the East and Cradle of the Son and of the Cuban Revolution. Visit to the Moncada Barracks, the Céspedes Park, the Piratería Museum, the Castello del Morro, lunch in a local restaurant. Accommodation in BnB
SANTIAGO DE CUBA -BIRAN Fidel's house - Breakfast. Departure for Biran (paid facultative entry) a symbolic and emblematic place in the contemporary history of Cuba, where Fidel Castro Ruz, leader of the Cuban Revolution on August 13, 1926 and June 3, 1931, his brother Raul, now Cuban president, was born. The historic village of Biran, is located in a village lost in the rolling hills and fields of sugar cane of 26 hectares. It consists of 11 colonial structures in good condition typically built in wood, distributed in a relevant way in the environmental context. The site maintains a complex that functions as a museum, which includes Fidel's birthplace, an almost exact replica of the one that caught fire in 1954, along with a small shop, post office, La Paloma bar, hotel, butcher, school where they attended Fidel and Raul and the cock ring. Biran is located in a spectacular agricultural setting bordered to the north by the Guamuta district, south of the province of Santiago de Cuba, to the east with the mountains of Mayari, and to the west, with the municipalities of Marcane and Alto Cedro. The historic village of Biran is located in the current province of Holguin, 750 kilometers east of Havana, has been declared a National Monument for its historical values, the birthplace of Fidel and Raul Castro, historical leaders of the Cuban Revolution. Continuation for guardalavaca. end of the service of the private driver. Optionally return to Havana or continuation of the sea at Playa Guardalavaca